Last year, a Yale-led research project produced an innovative dataset that mapped the history of urban settlements. Covering a 6,000 year period, the project traced the location and size of cities across the world, starting in 3700 BC (when the first known urban dwellings emerged in Sumer) and continuing through 2000 AD. Done by Yale’s Meredith Reba.
The Yale dataset was originally published in Scientific Data in 2016.
You can read more about the mapping of urban settlements at this Yale website.
And in this day and age what doesn't get turned into a youtube video.